the grace of God, Iran is a large land which due to it's
diverse ecological conditions, at any time of the year
and at each part of it, one of the four seasons is visible.
nature, Climate, ,History,
Historiography, Population and Ethnic
Groups, Religion and
guesthouses and other, Accommodation Facilities, Tourism Attractions,
Path of Tours
region of Iran has its own architectural style. Hereunder, the
architecture and the styles of house building in different parts of Iran
are briefly pointed out:
the coastal regions of the Caspian Sea (Gilan and Mazandaran provinces),
wooden houses are built on woody pillars with roofs made of straw or
the margin of great Iranian desert (Kavir), the most distinct kinds of
houses have dome-shaped roofs which are traditionally built according to
the climatic conditions of these regions during centuries till now.
Azerbaijan, the foundations of houses are built of stone and have flat
some areas of very hot regions like Khuzestan, especially Dezfool, the
basements as well as summer shelters are essential for rural and urban
mountainous areas of Alborz, since many centuries back, most of the
houses are made of wooden structure with mud walls and flat roofs.
Recently, some houses with bricks and iron beams have been built in this
Sistan and Baluchestan the houses are quadrangular with dome-shaped
roofs. There are some simple reticular structures in the roofs for
manifold, different, and worthy styles of architecture, which manifest
themselves in the construction of houses and other buildings in
different parts of the country, attract so many foreign tourists who are
fascinated to them. Also, domestic tourists get acquainted with the
extent, greatness, and cultural wealth of their homeland.
museums of Iran are the treasury of cultural, historical and natural
heritage of this land. There are some museums in the large and old
cities of Iran, which have demonstrated numerous antique, artistic and
natural vestiges of ancient Iran.
museums of Tabriz, Maragheh, Orumyeh, Khoy, Kashan, and Miandoab in
Azerbaijan, Museums of Kashan and Chehel Sotoon in Isfahan, Kermanshah
museum, Museums of Reza Abbasi, Carpet, Decorative Arts, Contemporary
Arts, Glass and Earthenware, National Arts, Iran Bastan, Anthropology.
And in Tehran: Toos and Naderi in Khorasan; Susa, Haft Tappeh, and
Abadan in Khuzestan; Falak-olaflak in Lorestan; Ganjali Khan in Kerman;
and museums of Gazvin, Zanjan, Shah rood, Semnan, Zahedan, Rasht,
Gorgan, Hamedan, Persepolis, and Sanandadj are amongst the rich museums
of Iran. In some cities especially in Tehran, there are established
several palace-museums, which are worth seeing places of these cities.
Natural History museums have been established in the large cities some
of which may be pointed out: the Natural History Museums of Orumyeh,
Isfahan, Tehran and Shiraz. These museums are the important centers for
research activities on human sciences and arts and are memorable.
and Weekly markets (Bazaars)
bazaars are the centers for transaction of local products and goods as
well as the place of social interactions and regulating social relations
of people especially rural and tribal areas. These bazaars, which
reflect the local, economical and cultural conditions of the region, are
held in many urban, rural and tribal areas. The weekly bazaars in rural
and tribal areas are held close to summer quarters regarding season, decampment
time, and economic need of the villagers and nomads. In these kinds of
bazaars, the daily needs of people are secured through cash, credit,
barter, or conventions. At present, in some northern provinces including
Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan, rural weekly bazaars are very common.
Also, in southern coastal provinces of the country
including Sistan and Baluchistan, Hormozgan, Boushehr, and Khuzestan,
these kinds of bazaars are common and are amongst the attractions of
these provinces. The weekly bazaars of nomad tribes are held in all
tribal regions of Iran including Azerbaijan, Lorestan, and Kurdistan.
The daily bazaars of urban, rural, and tribal regions are the places in
which the artistic and creative ability of women are reflected through
supplying their fine handicrafts. Visiting these bazaars and purchase of
different handicrafts, will be an unforgettable memory for tourists.
most important handicraft of Iran, which has a worldwide reputation, is
the industry of weaving
carpet and Gelim (short-napped coarse carpet).
carpet, due to its design, texture, and fixed color has its own special
privileges, which is unique in the world. Today, there are many people,
especially women, who are involved in this industry in large and small
carpet workshops, scattered all around Iran. Nomad women weave a simple
kind of carpet in their leisure time, which is called Jajim (coarse).
Jajim is softer and lighter than Gelim. In addition to these, other
hand-woven products like cashmere, shawl, and different cloths are
produced in Iran for different uses.
tourist who comes to Iran, wishes to buy a small carpet or coarse.
Everybody knows the reputation of Iranian carpets, as one of the best
and invaluable handicrafts of the world. This industry and its workshop are
owned both by government and private sector. Most of the carpets are
produced in rural and tribal regions of Iran. The carpet of every region
has its own texture, design, and color. The cities of Tabriz, Isfahan,
meshed; Kashan, Kerman, and Hamedan as well as the region of Turkmen,
Baluch, Ghashghai, Afshar, Kurd, and Lor tribes are important centers of
carpet industry in Iran.
tile and ceramic industry and its products have
themselves in mosques and historical monuments. The color and quality of
Iranian tiles and ceramics are so fixed that have resisted against
hard climatic and erosive conditions of Iran for centuries. Besides this
industry, the industries of pottery, glassworks, and tannery should be
mentioned, of which several products are supplied to market. The metal
and wooden handicrafts like copper and brass products, silver work,
inlaid work, embossment work, engraving, and other fine objects, which
are produced in metal, wood, and bone, have a long history in Iran and
are highly demanded by tourists.
and national foods
“sofreh” (cloth which is spread on the floor and on which food is
served) is a colorful one and the food culture of this country is very
rich. This richness is due to diversity of natural environment. In
different areas of the country, based on existing possibilities, diverse
local foods are cooked. But there are some foods, which are common all
around the country, so they are considered as traditional and national
foods. The most famous foods of this kind are: Chelokabab (steamed rice
with grilled lamb or beef); Abgoosht (the mixture of lamb, beans, spice,
and potato); Khoresht (a kind of food which is commonly cooked with
different ingredients and served with rice); Fesenjan (poultry,
especially goose or duck, walnut, pomegranate, souce, sugar, and spice);
and Dolmeh or stuffing (a mixture of meat and other materials wrapped in
the fresh leaves of grapevine).
the northern and western regions of Iran, several kinds of local foods
are cooked with wild plants or vegetables and beans, which are served
with, or without meat and are very tasty. Caviar of Iran, which is
obtained from sturgeon fish in the Caspian sea, has worldwide reputation
and is very tonic. Different kinds of food are cooked in northern and
southern parts of Iran with fish. The shrimp of the Persian Gulf is amongst the
best in the world and due to its quality, varieties of foods are cooked
of bread in Iran is done in deferent ways. Basically, Iranian breads are
thin and heated on surface, so they are very soft. In Iran bread is
commonly used freshly. The different kinds of Iranian breads are Sangak,
Lavash, Taftoon, and Barbary.
of the common traditional Iranian beverages is Doogh (yogurt drink),
which is consumed with fragrant vegetables