and Kohkiloie va Boirahmad
Pars land, birthplace of Achaemenian Kingdom, is located in the south of
Iran. This region was the political-cultural focal point of ancient Iran
and the historical monuments, which have remained there, have a high
tourism value. The historical monuments of Fars province may be divided
into two parts:
Monuments: The most important ones are Persepolis aggregate,
Naghsh-e-Rostam, and Passargad in north of Shiraz; remained vestiges in
Naghsh-e-Shapour and Azarjoo fire-temple in Darab the ancient city of
Fasa with Tal Zahak vestiges in Fasa; other monuments in Firooz-Abad,
Kazeroon, Lar, Jahrom, and Mamasani which totally are amongst the most
eye-catching historical places of the world.
Period Monuments: The most important monuments of this period are: The
Shrine of His Holiness Ahmad Ebn Moosa, the son of 7th Imam of sitte,
famous as Shah Cheragh; Atigh Jame’ mosque in Shiraz which belongs to
Saffarian time and was constructed in 281 AH; a series of historical
buildings of Vakil from Zandian time in Shiraz which are mosque, school,
citadel, post-house, museum, mourning places, and cisterns which were
built by the order of Karim Khan Zand, the founder of Zandieh dynasty.
(Koran Gate). The tombs of Sadi, Hafiz, and Khajoo are worth-seeing
buildings in Shiraz and are annually visited by thousands of tourists.
and Boirahmad province is located in south west of Fars province and
dwelling place of Boirahmad and Mamasanni nomad tribes. This
province enjoys a pleasant nature and Margoon watrfall is the most
important natural attraction of this province.
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and Yazd Province
City is founded during the reign of Ardeshir the First, a Sassanide king.
In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centers of Iran.
Strangers have assaulted this city along the history. In last year there
have been high endeavors for renovation of historical monuments of this
province. The worth-seeing places of the province are:
of Kerman and Ganjali-Khan caravansary and a public bath, which has been
changed into a museum; Dokhtar
and Ardeshir castles, of Sassanide monuments; Jabalieh
dome which is a fire-temple from Sassanide time; Kabir
Jame’ mosque and Sabz (green) dome, which belong to the 9th century AH,
and is the tomb of the Gharakhatai governors; In
addition to above monuments, two other monuments in this province must be
mentioned here, which are located in Mahan and Bam.
mausoleum of Shah Nemat-Olah Vali, the famous Iranian Gnostic, in Mahan
with a building, dome, and minarets, which are highly valuable from
artistic and architectural points of view, is the main place of pilgrimage
of Sufis from different sects.
of Bam, being a perfect sample of an eastern city, is highly valued from
tourism point of view. This city holds all components of an old eastern
city like Wall, Bazaar, Citadel, Towers and other fortifications. So, the
remains of the old city of Bam, having 2,000 years of antiquity, is
extremely eye-catching. Recently a modern recreational and accommodation
facilities are established over there, which are named “New Citadel of
is one of the ancient cities of Iran and is the best sample of cities in
desert (Kavir). In this city, everything is the symbol of movement,
activity, social life and fight against natural limitations. Moreover, the
name of Yazd is reminding of original artistic vestiges of Iran. The
hand-made industrial products of Yazd, especially textiles, which had
world wide reputation due to their quality and their own unique quality as
well as their customers. The dominant socio-economic condition of the city
is such that there are minimum rate of criminal acts, consequently it is a
very unique city from security point of view. So, the religious minorities
live there, like other parts of the country, without any problem.
architectural form of Yazd is monotonous and is the sign of existence of
equilibrium in its social life. Utilization of simple construction
materials in building houses is a common principle. Struggle against
environmental constraints in desert area, is reflected in making use of
traditional styles of architecture with building of interesting Badgers
(wind trappers) on the roofs against wind direction for ventilation and
air conditioning in summers.
city has its own architectural style in which narrow alleys are deployed
in wide and newly constructed streets with high and connected walls, which
portray a unique method in urban planning and design. The delicacy of
architectural monuments in Yazd is unique in its quality, thus they hold a
high artistic value. The most important and valuable historical monuments,
which may be visited in Yazd and other cities of the province, are as
Yazd Jame’ mosque belonging to the first half of 8th
The mosques of Amir Chakhmakh, Rig, and Fart;
Davazdah Emam (12 Imams) mausoleum;
Zendan Eskandar (Alexander’s prison);
Dolatabad Garden and its Edifices, And Khan garden;
Khan Square and Bazaar.
is the largest center of Iranian Zoroastrians and they have lived in this
city for more than a thousand years.
other town of the province is Maybod, Taft, Bafgh, Ardekan, and Mehriz
each of them has its own worth seeing places.
shortage in Yazd and Kerman has caused the development of Quanats
(underground canals with connected wells for collection of water). The
length of some of Quanats in these provinces exceeds 1,000 kilometers.
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