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Markazi and Lorestan Province

Markazi (central) province is situated at the south of Tehran and west of Isfahan Provinces and is one of the historical regions of Iran, which its antiquity dates back to Seleucid Ian era. The historical cities of Saveh, Mahallat and Nimevar, Tafresh, Ashtian and…. Are amongst historical regions of this province, which hold a lot of historical monuments. Amongst the most important worth-seeing places of this province it can be pointed out to Arak caves, underground city of Dolfabad in Farahan, thermal springs, remains of Khorkheh Seleucidian tepmle, Dodehak caravansary, Imamzadeh Yahya in Mahallat, historical regions and caravansaries of Saveh Township, Delijan cave, birthplace and father-house of Imam Khomaini in Khomain, and several other Imamzadeh and pilgrimage places that each of them portrays a part of the history of this region.

Lorestan province in the west of Iran, is a mountainous land where the main beautiful heights of Zagross mountain ranges are extended from north-west southward in a regular and condensed froom. This province is amongst historical regions of Iran and holds plenty of old monuments. According to Babylonian, Elamite, and Assyrian inscriptions residents of Zagross mountains have been the tribes like Loloi, Manai, Kasi, Gooti, Amada and Parswa.

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Khorasan and Semnan Province

Khorasan province, located at northeast of Iran, covering an area of 313,000 square kilometers, is the largest province of the country. Khorasan was a known name, which in last centuries encompassed a wide cultural realm of which a great part presently exists in countries of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Khorasan province is one of the great historical and cultural centers of Iran, which the cities of Meshed, Nayshabour, Birjand, Sabzevar, famous city of Tabas on the desert margin, are located in its boundaries.

Until 2nd century AH (9th century AD), in the present location of Meshed there was a small village called Sanabad. After the martyrdom of His Holiness Imam Reza in this place, this city was called Mashad Moghadas (Sacred Meshed). Since then, His tomb became the place of pilgrimage for Iranian cities, so it gained an ever-increasing importance. Today, the Shrine of His Holiness Imam Reza, which has passed many ups and downs along history, is one of the most important and valuable samples of the Islamic art of architecture. Imam Reza Museum in Meshed City is one of the largest cultural and artistic treasuries, especially for its handwritten manuscripts and paintings.

Goharshad mosque, Sabz (green) dome, Khajeh Rabii mausoleum, Arsalan Jazeb mausoleum, Robat (caravansary) sharaf, KalatNaderi, and Kooh Sangi are amongst other historical places of Meshed City.

Traditional Bazaar of Meshed, a magnificent one and the place for supplying different goods, is another eye-catching place in this city. New Bazaar, which is named Bazaar Reza, is the place for supplying different handicrafts of Khorasan.

Toos City is located 28 km. Far from Meshed northwest to it on the road to Shirvan-Gorgan. Toos once was one of the large cities of Khorasan, of which today does not exist anything except the remains of an old wall of the city. The tomb of Ferdowsi, the great poet of Iran, is located in this city, which is annually visited by thousands of Iranians.

Nayshabour City 110km. Southwest of Meshed is on the way of Sabzevar. This city, one of the important cities of Iran, was capital city of Saljooghis in 5th century AH for some times. But today from its past magnificence there have remained only a few vestiges in the old part of the city. The tomb of Khayam, whose Rubaiats (Quatrains) are recited eagerly all around the world and also the tombs of some great Iranian men of letters and arts, like Sheik Attar and Kamal-ol-Molk are located in this city.

Tabas City is one of the most famous cities of Kavir (desert) margins, situated in southeast to Meshed. The wall and old part of the city, which were badly damaged by earthquake, are more or less remained. Tabas is one of the worth-seeing cities of Iran’s arid and desert regions. Tabas Guest House, with suitable accommodation facilities, entertains the tourists in an acceptable level.

Semnan Province is located in the east of Khorasan province having different deserts and mountain slope nature. In past times, this province has been passed by Silk Road and many monuments belonging to that time have remained in this province. The Gnostic poets of this province like Bayazid pastami, Sheikh A. Kharaghani, and Ebn-Yamin have global fame.

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