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Fars and Kohkiloie va Boirahmad Province

The Pars land, birthplace of Achaemenian Kingdom, is located in the south of Iran. This region was the political-cultural focal point of ancient Iran and the historical monuments, which have remained there, have a high tourism value. The historical monuments of Fars province may be divided into two parts:

Pre-Islamic Monuments: The most important ones are Persepolis aggregate, Naghsh-e-Rostam, and Passargad in north of Shiraz; remained vestiges in Naghsh-e-Shapour and Azarjoo fire-temple in Darab the ancient city of Fasa with Tal Zahak vestiges in Fasa; other monuments in Firooz-Abad, Kazeroon, Lar, Jahrom, and Mamasani which totally are amongst the most eye-catching historical places of the world.

Islamic Period Monuments: The most important monuments of this period are: The Shrine of His Holiness Ahmad Ebn Moosa, the son of 7th Imam of sitte, famous as Shah Cheragh; Atigh Jame’ mosque in Shiraz which belongs to Saffarian time and was constructed in 281 AH; a series of historical buildings of Vakil from Zandian time in Shiraz which are mosque, school, citadel, post-house, museum, mourning places, and cisterns which were built by the order of Karim Khan Zand, the founder of Zandieh dynasty.

Darvazehghoran (Koran Gate). The tombs of Sadi, Hafiz, and Khajoo are worth-seeing buildings in Shiraz and are annually visited by thousands of tourists.

Kohgilooyeh and Boirahmad province is located in south west of Fars province and dwelling place of Boirahmad and Mamasanni nomad tribes. This province enjoys a pleasant nature and Margoon watrfall is the most important natural attraction of this province.

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Kerman and Yazd Province

Kerman City is founded during the reign of Ardeshir the First, a Sassanide king. In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centers of Iran. Strangers have assaulted this city along the history. In last year there have been high endeavors for renovation of historical monuments of this province. The worth-seeing places of the province are:

Bazaar of Kerman and Ganjali-Khan caravansary and a public bath, which has been changed into a museum; Dokhtar and Ardeshir castles, of Sassanide monuments; Jabalieh dome which is a fire-temple from Sassanide time; Kabir Jame’ mosque and Sabz (green) dome, which belong to the 9th century AH, and is the tomb of the Gharakhatai governors; In addition to above monuments, two other monuments in this province must be mentioned here, which are located in Mahan and Bam.

The mausoleum of Shah Nemat-Olah Vali, the famous Iranian Gnostic, in Mahan with a building, dome, and minarets, which are highly valuable from artistic and architectural points of view, is the main place of pilgrimage of Sufis from different sects.

City of Bam, being a perfect sample of an eastern city, is highly valued from tourism point of view. This city holds all components of an old eastern city like Wall, Bazaar, Citadel, Towers and other fortifications. So, the remains of the old city of Bam, having 2,000 years of antiquity, is extremely eye-catching. Recently a modern recreational and accommodation facilities are established over there, which are named “New Citadel of Bam”.

Yazd is one of the ancient cities of Iran and is the best sample of cities in desert (Kavir). In this city, everything is the symbol of movement, activity, social life and fight against natural limitations. Moreover, the name of Yazd is reminding of original artistic vestiges of Iran. The hand-made industrial products of Yazd, especially textiles, which had world wide reputation due to their quality and their own unique quality as well as their customers. The dominant socio-economic condition of the city is such that there are minimum rate of criminal acts, consequently it is a very unique city from security point of view. So, the religious minorities live there, like other parts of the country, without any problem.

The architectural form of Yazd is monotonous and is the sign of existence of equilibrium in its social life. Utilization of simple construction materials in building houses is a common principle. Struggle against environmental constraints in desert area, is reflected in making use of traditional styles of architecture with building of interesting Badgers (wind trappers) on the roofs against wind direction for ventilation and air conditioning in summers.

This city has its own architectural style in which narrow alleys are deployed in wide and newly constructed streets with high and connected walls, which portray a unique method in urban planning and design. The delicacy of architectural monuments in Yazd is unique in its quality, thus they hold a high artistic value. The most important and valuable historical monuments, which may be visited in Yazd and other cities of the province, are as follows:

        Yazd Jame’ mosque belonging to the first half of 8th century AH;

        The mosques of Amir Chakhmakh, Rig, and Fart;

        Davazdah Emam (12 Imams) mausoleum;

        Zendan Eskandar (Alexander’s prison);

        Yazdan Fire-Temple;

        Dolatabad Garden and its Edifices, And Khan garden;

        Khan Square and Bazaar.

Yazd is the largest center of Iranian Zoroastrians and they have lived in this city for more than a thousand years.

The other town of the province is Maybod, Taft, Bafgh, Ardekan, and Mehriz each of them has its own worth seeing places.

Water shortage in Yazd and Kerman has caused the development of Quanats (underground canals with connected wells for collection of water). The length of some of Quanats in these provinces exceeds 1,000 kilometers.

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